Hmar, a major language in Mizoram

The Hmar language is now officially recognized as a major language in the state of Mizoram, India, thanks to the tireless effort of the Sinlung Hills Accord Implementation Demand Committee (SHAIDC) and the newly formed Mizoram government by the Zoram People’s Movement. This recent proclamation comes in pursuance of para 5.1 of the Memorandum of Settlement between the government of Mizoram and the Hmar People’s Convention (HPC), signed on July 27th, 1994. This is effective immediately from January 8th, 2024.

Hmar, as a language, belongs to the Tibeto-Burman stock of languages (Bapui). It is a recognized language in the curriculum of the states of Assam, Mizoram, and Manipur. Both Manipur University and Assam University permit the study of the language as a Modern Indian Language (MIL) up to the graduation level. Regarding its geographical distribution among Hmar users, it is spoken in the states of Assam (Dima Hasao, Karbi Anglong, Cachar, Hailakandi, Karimganj districts), Manipur (Tuithaphai, Pherzawl, Jiribam, Tengnoupal, Kangpokpi, Tamenglong districts), Mizoram (Aizawl, Champhai, Serchhip, Lunglei, Saibual, Kolasib districts), Tripura, Meghalaya, and more. According to the 2011 census, there are around 100,000 native speakers of Hmar in India.

Official Notification form Home Dept, GoM.




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Jai Hmarram!